It nearly broke my heart to hear that maths may be a required thing in linguistics, maths has pulled me back from a few opportunities in the past before linguistics, I'd been interested in engineering, marine biology, etc. I was just wondering if there was any work around, anything that would help me with linguistics that didn't require maths. Just. any advice at all, for getting into the field of linguistics with something as troubling as dyscalculia.The reader makes a good point I hadn't thought about. I remember my phonetics teacher telling us that she often recruited students into linguistics by telling them that it's one of the few fields that teach non-mathematical data analytics. That was something that appealed to me.
I'm not familiar with dyscalculia so I can't speak to how it impacts the study of linguistics directly. But even linguists who don't perceive themselves as "doing math" often still are, in the form of complicated measurements and such, like in phonetics and psycholinguistics. Generally though, I think that there are still many opportunities to do non-mathematical linguistics, especially in fields like sociolinguistics, language policy, and language documentation. Let us not forget that the vast majority of the world's languages remain undocumented so we need an army of linguists to work with speakers the world over to record, analyze, and describe the lexicons, grammars, and sound systems of those languages. We also need to understand better child language acquisition, slang, pragmatic inferences, and a host of other deeply important linguistic issues. It still requires a lot of good old fashioned, non-mathematical linguistics skills to study those topics.
Unfortunately, those are woefully underpaid skills as well. One of the reasons math is taking over linguistics is simple economics: that's where the money is. Both the job market and the research grant market are trending heavily towards quantitative skills and tools, regardless of the discipline. That's just a fact we all have to deal with. I didn't go to grad school in order to work at IBM. That's just where the job is. I couldn't get hired at a university to save my life right now, but I can make twice what a professor makes at IBM. So here I am (don't get me wrong. I have the enviable position of getting paid well to work on real language problems, so I ain't complaining).
Increasingly, the value of descriptive linguistic skills is in the creation of corpora that can be processed automatically with tools like AntConc and such. You can do a lot of corpus linguists these days without explicit math because the software does a lot of the work for you. But you will still need to understand the underlying math concepts (like why true "keywords" are not simply frequency searches). For details, I can highly recommend Lancaster University's MOOC "Corpus linguistics: method, analysis, interpretation" (it's free and online right now)
The real question is; what do you want to do with linguistics? Do you want to get a PhD then become a professor? That's a tough road (and not just in linguistics. The academic market place is imploding due to funding issues). There aren't that many universities who hire pure descriptive linguists anymore. Those jobs do exist, but they're rare. SUNY Buffalo, Oregon, and New Mexico are three US schools that come to mind as still having descriptive field linguist faculties. But the list is short.
If you want to teach a language, that's the most direct route to getting a job, but you'll need the TESOL Certificate too and frankly, those tend to be low paid, part-time jobs. Hard to build a secure career off of that.
That leaves industry. There are industry jobs for non-quantitative linguists, but they're unpredictable. Marketing agencies occasionally hire linguists to do research on cross-linguistic brand names and such. Check out this old post for some examples.
I hope this helps. I recommend asking this question over at The Linguist List too because I have my own biases. It's smart to get a wide variety of perspectives.